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A Department of Transportation (DOT) physical is a physical exam that is required of people who drive commercial vehicles. The point of a DOT physical is to make sure that people who are driving commercial motor vehicles are physically, mentally, and emotionally fit. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) requires them for the safety of the public. Who Needs a DOT Physical? You will need a DOT physical if you: -Drive a vehicle designed to carry more than 15 people. -Are paid to drive a vehicle designed to carry more than 8 people. -Carry hazardous material in your vehicle that requires your vehicle to have a placard. -Drive a vehicle on the interstate with a gross combination weight rating, gross vehicle weight rating, or gross combination weight of over 10,000 pounds. What Does a DOT Physical Consist of? The health care provider who performs your DOT physical will ask you detailed questions about your medical history, including: -If you've ever had surgery -Any medicines you're taking, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines -Any health problems you've had -If you use tobacco, alcohol, or illegal substances -If you've ever failed a drug test -If you've ever been dependent on an illegal substance -Any symptoms you're currently having You will have a hands-on physical that includes checking your: -Height -Weight -Blood pressure -Vision -Hearing -General appearance -Skin -Eyes -Ears -Mouth and throat -Heart -Lungs and chest -Abdomen -Back and spine -Genital and urinary system, including checking for hernias -Extremities and joints -Nervous system, including your reflexes -Gait, which is how you walk -Circulatory system, which is your arteries, veins, and lymphatic system -You'll also have to have a urinalysis to check for protein, blood, sugar, and specific gravity. These tests can tell your doctor if you need additional tests to check for other medical problems. You may also have to have other tests if your doctor thinks they're necessary. You may also need to have a sleep apnea test if you have symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea, which is a disorder where you periodically stop breathing while sleeping. Symptoms of sleep apnea can include: -Heavy snoring -Gasping for breath during sleep -Dry mouth or sore throat in the morning -Morning headaches -Daytime sleepiness

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